A social and philosophical movement to advance research and the creation of effective human improvement techniques. These technologies will significantly improve human health and extend human life, as well as enhance or stimulate human sensory perception, emotional capacities or cognitive abilities. These changes, the result of a combination of biological or physical techniques, are more or less permanent and integrated into the human body.
Julian Huxley, a British biologist and philosopher, first used the word transhumanism in his paper of the same name from 1957. Huxley concentrated on the advancement of the human condition through social and cultural transformation, whereas the transhumanism movement, which prioritised material technology, came before Huxley with its article and name. Huxley thought that while people did evolve organically, social institutions may now take the role of evolution in the advancement of species. If not in Huxley’s words, the transhumanism dedication to further evolution through technology rather than society may be found in Huxley’s essay.
Characteristics of the movement
The movement’s adherents tend to be philosopher and utilized in technology or in academe. Its principal proponents ar outstanding technologists like yank computer user and futurist Ray Kurzweil and scientists like Austrian-born Canadian computer user and roboticist Hans Moravec and yank applied science research worker Eric Drexler, with the addition of a little however powerful contingent of thinkers like yank thinker James Hughes and Swedish thinker Nick Boston. The movement has evolved since its beginnings as a loose association of teams dedicated to “extortionist”. Transhumanism is chiefly divided between adherents of 2 visions of post-humanity one throughout that technological and genetic enhancements have created a definite species of radically increased humans and also the different during which greater-than-human machine intelligence emerges.
The membership of the transhumanist movement tends to separate in a further means. One distinguished strain of transhumanism argues that social and cultural institutions including national and international governmental organization will be mostly extraneous to the flight of technological development. Economic process and therefore the nature of technological progress can drive humanity to or so an equivalent finish purpose no matter social and cultural influences. That finish purpose is usually named because the “singularity,” a figure drawn from astronomy and relating the purpose of hyperdense material at the Centre of a part that generates its intense gravitative pull. Among transhumanist, the singularity is known because the purpose at that computing surpasses that of humanity, which is able to enable the convergence of human and machine consciousness.
The Transhumanist Association was founded as a nonprofit group with the mission of collaborating with social institutions to advance and direct the development of human-enhancement technology and to fight against the social forces that seem determined to advancement.