South Korea launches first satellite with homegrown rocket June 23, 2022 by Deepika On Tuesday, South Korea carried out its first successful satellite launch using a rocket that was developed domestically, officials said. This boosts South Korea’s growing aerospace ambitions and demonstrates that the country possesses the key technologies necessary to launch spy satellites and build larger missiles in the midst of tensions with rivals. Following its launch from the space launch facility located on a southern island in South Korea, the three-stage Nuri rocket successfully delivered a working “performance check” satellite to the target altitude of 435 miles. This information was provided by the Science Ministry. An unmanned South Korean station in Antarctica received transmissions from the satellite that provided information on its status. According to officials from the ministry, it is carrying four smaller satellites that are scheduled to be launched in the following days for various tasks, including Earth observation. During a televised press conference held at the launch facility, Science Minister Lee Jong-Ho said that the science and technology of the Republic of Korea had achieved a significant advancement. “The government will boldly pursue its march toward becoming a space power with the people.” In a video conference with scientists and other individuals involved in the launch, President Yoon Suk Yeol congratulated them on their achievement and promised to fulfil his campaign promise to establish a state aerospace agency, according to his office. Yoon Suk Yeol’s promise to establish a state aerospace agency was one of his campaign promises. A live broadcast camera showed the rocket, which was 154 feet in height and was surrounded by dazzling flames and dense white smoke as it rose into the skies. After the launch, South Korea became the tenth country in the world to deploy a satellite into orbit using its own technological capabilities. The rocket was launched for the second time by South Korea using a Nuri. During the first attempt, which took place in October of last year, the dummy cargo on the rocket managed to achieve the appropriate height; however, the rocket was unable to enter orbit because the third-stage engine burnt out ahead of time. South Korea, which has the tenth biggest economy in the world, is a significant manufacturer of semiconductors, automobiles, and mobile phones. However, its programme for the development of space technology is much behind those of its Asian neighbours. Porcelain, India Y Japan. Both in 2012 and 2016, North Korea sent satellites into orbit with the purpose of studying Earth. However, there is no proof that either of these satellites transmitted photos or data from space back to North Korea. The North Korean launches were seen as a cover for testing long-range missile technology, which is illegal in North Korea, and as a consequence, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic penalties on the nation as a result. Since the beginning of the 1990s, South Korea has launched a significant number of satellites into orbit; nevertheless, all of these missions have made use of foreign rocket technology or launch locations. In 2013, South Korea became the first country in the world to successfully launch a satellite from its own territory; nevertheless, the first stage of the rocket was manufactured in Russia. On Tuesday, people in Seoul, South Korea, gathered at a railway station to watch live coverage of the launch of the Nuri rocket. Images courtesy of Jung Yeon-Je / AFP and Getty Images After the launch of that satellite, the North Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs accused the United States of having “double standards and a bandit nature,” arguing that Washington supported the launch of the South Korean satellite while leading UN sanctions over the launch of the North Korean satellite the previous year. The North Korean satellite had been launched the year before. The North Korean government did not immediately issue a statement in response to the Nuri launch on Tuesday. Within the next several years, South Korea intends to launch a total of four more Nuri satellites. In addition to these goals, it intends to launch large-scale satellites into orbit, construct space launch vehicles of the next generation, and send a rover to the moon. Officials in South Korea have said that the Nuri missile does not have any military use. As a result of the fact that it may be used for military purposes, the multilateral export control system places stringent restrictions on the transfer of space launch technology. The bodies, engines, and other components of ballistic missiles and space launch vehicles are often interchangeable. However, ballistic missiles need a re-entry capability in addition to other technology. “A rocket might be converted into a space launch vehicle by adding a satellite to its payload, as the saying goes. According to Kwon Yong Soo, a former professor at Korea National Defense University in South Korea, “but if you put a warhead on it, it becomes a weapon.” “(A successful launch) is incredibly crucial since we are also successful in testing a long-range rocket that can be utilised to develop a long-range missile,” the spokesperson for the company said after the launch was successful. According to Lee Choon Geun, an honorary research fellow at the South Korea Institute of Science and Technology Policy, it would be difficult to use Nuri directly as a missile because it requires a much longer charging time than solid fuels and uses liquid fuels, which must be kept at extremely low temperatures. Fuels He said that North Korea’s long-range missiles also employ liquid fuels, despite the fact that these fuels are very hazardous, they are stored at normal temperatures, and they need less time to charge than Nuri does. Around thirty missiles with ranges that could possibly bring the continental United States as well as regional allies South Korea and Japan within striking distance have been tested by North Korea this year. South Korea already has missiles that are capable of reaching every part of North Korea; nevertheless, a number of analysts believe that the country should also acquire missiles with a greater range since it is surrounded by regional military forces and possible rivals. If we simply consider North Korea, then a long-range missile does not signify very lot to us. However, it is a terrible misfortune that major military powers such as China and Russia are so near to us, as Kwon pointed out. According to him, the fact that South Korea was able to launch the Nuri satellite into orbit demonstrates the country’s capability to do so. Lee said that it is possible to launch a surveillance satellite using Nuri, but that it would be more advantageous for South Korea to have a large number of smaller spy satellites that could be launched using solid-fuel rockets with a lower thrust level. To monitor vital assets in North Korea, South Korea presently depends on spy satellites operated by the United States since it does not own its own military surveillance satellites. South Korea has said that it intends to deploy its own reconnaissance satellites in the near future.